Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: β-Carotene and milk protein complexation: a thermodynamic approach and a photo stabilization study
Authors: Carla Eduarda Ladeira Silva
Eliara Acipreste Hudson
Álvaro Javier Patiño Agudelo
Luis Henrique Mendes da Silva
Maximiliano Soares Pinto
Maria do Carmo Hespanhol
Frederico Augusto Ribeiro Barros
Ana Clarissa dos Santos Pires
Abstract: The demand for bioactive molecules, such as β-carotene (β-car), has increased, but some characteristics such as low water solubility and low photo stability limit its application in many formulations. The bioactive entrapment into milk proteins may overcome this barrier. Thus, the aim of this work was to study the interaction between β-car and bovine serum albumin (BSA) or β-casein and the photo stability of this bioactive in the presence of the proteins. Fluorescence spectroscopy showed that at pH 7.0, increasing concentrations of β-carotene reduced the fluorescence intensity of both proteins, and the fluorescence-quenching mechanism is mainly static. The stoichiometry of the β-car/protein complex varied between proteins, being 1:1 to native BSA, 1:3 to denatured BSA (d-BSA), and 1:2 for β-casein. The standard Gibbs-free energy (ΔG°) of complex formation was negative for all systems studied and followed the order ΔG°BSA < ΔG°β-casein < ΔG°d-BSA. The formation of β-car/protein complex was driven by entropy increasing in all studied conditions. Both proteins improved β-car photo stability, but β-casein micelle was more efficient, reducing and increasing four times, respectively, the bioactive degradation constant and the half-time of β-car. The overall results pointed to the strategic use of milk proteins, especially β-casein micelles as nanovehicle for β-car in food and other systems.
Subject: Leite - Proteínas
Espectroscopia de fluorescência
language: eng Brasil
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Publisher Initials: UFMG
metadata.dc.publisher.department: ICA - INSTITUTO DE CIÊNCIAS AGRÁRIAS
Rights: Acesso Restrito
Issue Date: 2018
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Food and Bioprocess Technology
Appears in Collections:Artigo de Periódico

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.