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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Sanitary barriers as educative and preventive´s action for the control of Covid-19 dissemination in a big city at southeastern Brazil
Authors: Nathalia Sernizon Guimarães
Carmem Lage Vieira
João Eduardo Dos Santos
Luiz Felipe Rezende de Almeida
Unai Tupinambás
Maria do Carmo Barros de Melo
Taciana Malheiros Lima Carvalho
Jackson Machado-pinto
Ana Otavia Ribeiro Paiva
Karina Aparecida Ribeiro Soares Bertoni
Elisa França Chaves
Ronniel Morais Albuquerque
Ricardo Tadeu de Carvalho
Abstract: To contain the spread of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), some Brazilian municipalities have implemented strategic checkpoints called sanitary barriers.1,2 This action was realized by the prefecture of Belo Horizonte with objectivesof detect suspected cases which hadnot sought for medical care; promote health education on preventive measures and self-identification of Covid-19 red flags; timely refer suspected cases to healthcare centers for assessment and stratification; provide strategic data for health surveillance and to follow cases of epidemiological or assistance interest.3,4 Through a cross-sectional study carried out in Belo Horizonte from June 18th and July 18th 2020, we aim to estimate the prevalence of people that have gone to hospital after being categorized as suspected cases in “sanitary barriers” in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Referrals to telemonitoring were made by prefecture personnel and voluntary medical students in eighteen sanitary barriers established in the city. Those units approached cases by convenience sampling and used the following criteria: people who reported influenza-like illness; people who had fever detected at the barrier or who had contact with suspected or confirmed Covid-19.Through self-report, variables related to sociodemographic characteristics (age, sex, education, municipality of residence), clinical status (symptoms, onset of symptoms, evolution of symptoms, previous contact, comorbidities) and behavioral actions towards Covid-19 (social distance, hand hygiene and use of personal safety equipment) were collected. The consultation in a health service after the sanitary barrier instructions was the variable of interest in this study. Of the 690 individuals, 54.7% had between 20 to 39 years and 67.3% were male. The prevalence of 61.7% for effective referral to health care centers as the main outcome,where as 38.2% did not seek medical assistance as oriented. Among these, 84% were asymptomatic and 30% confirmed previous exposure with confirmed or suspected cases of Covid-19 (table I).In conclusion, there was a high prevalence of demand for health after guidance on health barriers, which demonstrates the importance of this measure as an educative practice in controlling the transmission of infection at Belo Horizonte city.
Subject: Saúde Coletiva
language: eng Brasil
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Publisher Initials: UFMG
metadata.dc.publisher.department: MED - DEPARTAMENTO DE PEDIATRIA
Rights: Acesso Aberto
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.21149/12124
Issue Date: Aug-2021
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Salud Pública de México
Appears in Collections:Artigo de Periódico

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