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Type: Artigo de Evento
Title: Characterization of the siderurgy slags as the presence of natural radionuclides
Authors: Diogo Teixeira Moreira
Arno Heeren de Oliveira
Adriana de Souza Medeiros Batista
Abstract: Steel slag is considered a by-product of the steel industry and its reuse is a strategy for environmental protection, since it consists of potential polluting materials. Besides, this material may contain chemical elements in such proportion that may be used in strategic materials such as composites and electronics. For example, magnetite (Fe3O4) may be of great interest for its magnetic properties in the production of composites with different applications. On the other hand, rare earth elements (REE) production is vital for new technologies and since traces of the different REE are found in most iron ores, their extraction can be conducted together. However, previous characterization of the slag is necessary; since they vary in mineralogical composition conform to steelmaking operations. Classical characterization techniques of ores such as X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) may be limited to characterize small fractions of materials. Therefore, in this study, neutron activation analysis was used as the characterization technique to confirm the presence of iron and REE in the slag. The steel slag composite sample of the Linz-Donawitz (LD) process was collected in a steelwork localized in the Iron Quadrangle, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The steel slag sample was characterized by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), using the TRIGA MARK I IPR-R1 nuclear research reactor. The results are compared with the characterizations made with XRD and SEM-EDS. Although XRD and EDS results indicated the presence of magnetite in a small proportion, INAA was decisive confirming the presence of REE in the mineralogical composition of the composite sample collected.
Subject: Óxido Ferroso-Férrico
Difração de Raios X
language: eng Brasil
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Publisher Initials: UFMG
metadata.dc.publisher.department: MED - DEPARTAMENTO DE ANATOMIA E IMAGEM
Rights: Acesso Aberto
Issue Date: 15-Nov- 20
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Environment, Green Technology, and Engineering International Conference
Appears in Collections:Artigo de Evento

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